"The optimum emergency wayfinding systems and signage choice for passenger ships,
cruise vessels, public and commercial buildings, road and rail tunnels, offshore rigs,
merchant ships and industrial complexes".
articles and papers
Here we present some articles and papers that may be useful reference material for you and
your organization (newest items added at the top of the list). If you have some articles
etc and want them posted, contact us.
Escape from New York – The Use of Photoluminescent Pathway-marking
Systems in High-Rise Office Buildings
The first question that someone unfamiliar with these systems typically
asks is, "What does photoluminescent mean?" The question that follows
is, "What is pathway-marking?" These are both understandable questions
as these systems are not common in the United States. However, they are
being seen more frequently each passing year. Photoluminescence is
defined by the National Fire Protection Association as, "Having the
ability to store incident electromagnetic radiation typically from
ambient light sources, and release it in the form of visible light."
Author James D. Amy, Jr., P.E.
path at your feet - the shift in emergency lighting (from International
Fire Protection Issue 20
- Nov 2004”
Experience has shown that traditional overhead lighting, both normal and
emergency lighting, could become obscured by smoke during a fire, a
contributing factor in many high fatality fires. Close to a fire, smoke
is hot and dense and rises to the ceiling. Farther from a fire, smoke
may have cooled and dispersed to the point where it fills the corridor,
possibly obscuring distant exit signs. Pathway marking has been
recognized as a means to maintain visibility of the egress path if smoke
obscures overhead lighting and signage. Unlike emergency lighting,
pathway marking provides occupants with a continuous pathway delineation
at their feet about how best to egress. Author: James D. Amy, Jr. Rolf
Jensen & Associates, Inc., Chicago, IL USA.
Direct link to International Fire Protection.
approches to fire and life safety
Changes to standard practices in three areas might save lives in future emergencies. But
old ways could prove hard to change. This is an article found at Facilitiesnet. The three
"Pathway Marking Can Speed Evacuation Signage and markings can play crucial role if a
building loses power"
"ADA Evacuation Question: Who Needs Help?"
"Survival Strategies for Fire Alarm Systems"
location lighting systems outperform electrical systems
This paper presents a summary of a series of four reports on safe evacuation from smoke.
Written by Geir Jensen at the independent InterConsult Group.
Low tech markings
outperform sophisticated concepts
Laboratory results presented related to the use of electrical and photoluminescent
wayfinding systems. It also contains information related to strontium aluminate pigments.
Author: Geir Jensen at the independent InterConsult Group.
FAA's test and result from
using phosphorescent marking on airplanes (pdf)
This paper presents the US FAA's test and results from using phosphorescent marking on
airplanes. This link will open in a separate browser window. Just close the window to
return to this page.
Fire hazards and the Maritime Scene
This paper presents IMO regulations and how they are used in testing fire hazards. This
paper is written by Björn Sundstrõm at the Swedish National Testing and Research
Institute (SP). (The document found here is a copy from the
SP web-site due to reports from our visitors that they have had
problems connecting to SP's web-site).
Photoluminescent Material During Office Occupant Evacuation (pdf)
Based on a real-life case study during evacuation, a 52 page article was prepared. The
article is in pdf-format and will be opened in a separate window. Just close the new
window to return back to this page.
Third generation photo luminescent paint now available. Ideal for crew quarters, engine rooms, industries, tunnels and other enclosed areas!
Ceramic tiles for use in floors, walls and ceilings where the use of paint, low location strips or other solutions are not feasable.
Photos of directional signs before mounting
Brannfarlig isolasjon i bytunnel (Norwegian only).